How To Export Cassava Flakes From Nigeria

Cassava flakes, widely known as ‘garri,’ hold a place of prominence in Nigeria’s agricultural landscape and culinary culture. This remarkable tuberous plant, renowned for its resilience to poor soil conditions and drought, is more than just a staple food; it’s a symbol of both sustenance and economic opportunity.

The direction of cassava exports is mainly in Europe and North America, with the European Union accounting for about 90 percent of the total buyers. Details of the foreign buyers of industrial starch, cassava chips & pellets, and cassava flour will be given to prospective investors on contacting the writer. About 30 percent of cassava production globally is used for starch and other industrial products, and only less than one percent is processed into ethanol, particularly in Brazil. It is a popular animal feed material because of its high carbohydrate content. It is, however, mixed with protein sources such as soya beans.

How To Export Cassava Flakes From Nigeria

Nigeria, renowned as one of the world’s largest producers of cassava, annually yields an impressive 45 million tons of this versatile crop. Cassava’s adaptability to over 30 states in the country has led to its prominence in Nigerian cuisine. Beyond being a staple, cassava plays a pivotal role in poverty alleviation, wealth creation, employment generation, and sustainable development, making it a valuable resource for the nation’s economy.

How To Export Cassava Flakes From Nigeria

1. Understanding the Export Market for Cassava flakes

It’s important to understand where the demand for cassava flakes, or garri, is highest. Researching and identifying potential international markets is the first step. Countries with a significant Nigerian or West African diaspora often present lucrative opportunities, as there is a cultural preference for garri.

Engaging in market research, perhaps by leveraging online tools or collaborating with trade agencies, can provide insights into which countries have high demand and the specific preferences of consumers in those markets. Once potential markets are identified, understanding their specific requirements is key. This includes knowing the preferred type of garri (red, white, or Ijebu), the packaging standards, and any unique flavor profiles or processing methods favored in these markets.

2. Meeting Regulatory and Quality Standards

Exporting cassava flakes from Nigeria involves complying with various legal and regulatory requirements. This includes obtaining necessary export licenses and permits from Nigerian authorities, such as the Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC) and the Ministry of Agriculture.

Exporters must ensure their product meets the quality standards of both Nigeria and the importing country. Familiarity with international food safety standards, such as those set by the Codex Alimentarius, is crucial to avoid shipment rejections or legal complications. Quality control is paramount when exporting food products. For cassava flakes, this means ensuring the product is free from contaminants and processed in a hygienic environment. Regular quality checks and adherence to safe processing practices are essential.

3. Efficient Production and Packaging

To meet the demands of international markets, scaling up production is often necessary. This involves optimizing the entire production process, from sourcing high-quality cassava tubers to efficiently processing them into granules.

How To Export Cassava Granules From Nigeria

It’s important to ensure a consistent supply of raw materials and to have a reliable processing system in place. This might mean investing in better equipment, improving processing techniques, or even partnering with other local cassava producers to ensure a steady supply of high-quality cassava. Packaging plays a vital role in the export of cassava flakes. It needs to be robust enough to protect the product during transit while also being attractive and informative for consumers. Packaging should comply with international standards, providing necessary information like ingredients, nutritional value, and expiration date.

4. Logistics and Export Procedures

Selecting the appropriate mode of transport is crucial for exporting cassava flakes. Factors to consider include cost, transit time, and the nature of the product. Sea freight might be a cost-effective option for large quantities, but it’s slower compared to air freight. It’s important to work with reliable freight forwarders who have experience exporting agricultural products from Nigeria.

How To Export Cassava Flakes From Nigeria

Exporting requires meticulous handling of documentation and adherence to customs procedures. This includes preparing export documents such as the bill of lading, commercial invoice, packing list, and any certificates required by the destination country. Clearing customs in Nigeria and ensuring compliance with the importing country’s customs regulations is a critical step. Mistakes in documentation or non-compliance can lead to delays, additional costs, or the seizure of the shipment.

5. Financial Management and Pricing Strategy

Understanding the cost structure of exporting cassava flakes is essential for setting the right price. This includes production costs, packaging, transportation, insurance, customs duties, and any other overhead. Setting a competitive price that covers these costs while remaining attractive to buyers is a delicate balance. It’s also important to be aware of currency exchange rates and how they might affect pricing and profitability.

Securing payments in international trade can be challenging. It’s important to agree on payment terms that are secure and favorable, such as letters of credit or bank guarantees. This reduces the risk of non-payment once the goods are shipped. Additionally, considering insurance to protect against the risk of loss or damage during transit is prudent. Exporters should also be aware of the political and economic stability of the target market, as these factors can impact the safety and profitability of their investment.

Top Countries That Export Cassava Flakes From Nigeria

  1. United States: The large Nigerian and West African diaspora in the United States creates a significant demand for ethnic food products, including cassava flakes. Specialty African stores in the U.S. often stock Nigerian cassava products.
  2. United Kingdom: Similar to the U.S., the U.K. has a substantial Nigerian and African community, especially in cities like London, Manchester, and Birmingham. These communities drive the demand for cassava flakes and other Nigerian food products.
  3. Canada: Canada’s diverse population, including immigrants from Nigeria and other West African countries, makes it a potential market for cassava flakes.
  4. European Countries: Countries in Europe with significant African immigrant populations, such as France, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands, are likely importers of Nigerian cassava products.
  5. Other West African Countries: Neighboring West African nations might import processed cassava flakes from Nigeria due to similarities in dietary habits and the convenience of regional trade.
  6. Middle East and Asia: Some countries in the Middle East and Asia with Nigerian expatriate communities might also be markets for cassava flakes, although these would be relatively smaller compared to Western countries.

Europe is the major importer of cassava for animal production. Details would be given to prospective investors. Animal production, being the main attraction of agriculture in Europe, accounted for about 70 percent of total agricultural output. The compound feed formulation is the main attraction for cassava.

About 90 percent of the traded cassava in Europe is from developing countries, such as Nigeria. The main suppliers are Thailand (about 85 percent) and Indonesia (about six percent). Sub-Saharan Africa is yet to contribute significantly to world trade in cassava, with about three percent recorded in the early part of the millennium.


Which country can I export cassava to from Nigeria? Cassava from Nigeria can be exported to several countries, especially those with a significant Nigerian or West African diaspora. These include the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and various European countries. Other potential markets include neighboring West African countries and certain regions in the Middle East and Asia.

How do I prepare cassava for export? Preparing cassava for export involves several steps: selecting high-quality cassava roots, processing them into the desired form (like flakes, chips, or flour), ensuring they meet international quality and safety standards, and packaging them appropriately for international shipment. It’s crucial to adhere to the importing country’s agricultural product regulations.

In what form Is cassava exported? Cassava is exported in various forms, including as dried chips, granules (often known as garri in Nigeria), flour, and starch. The form depends on the demand in the target market and the processing facilities available to the exporter.

Who is the largest exporter of cassava? Thailand is often recognized as the largest exporter of cassava, especially in terms of cassava products like tapioca starch and chips. They export mainly to China and other Asian countries.

Which country buys cassava from Nigeria? Countries that buy cassava from Nigeria are typically those with Nigerian or African immigrant populations. This includes nations like the United States, the United Kingdom, and various countries in Europe. Also, regional neighbors in West Africa may import processed cassava products from Nigeria.

Who is the largest exporter of cassava starch in the world? Thailand is the largest exporter of cassava starch globally. They have a well-developed cassava processing industry and export a significant amount of cassava starch to various countries, especially in Asia.

What are the best countries to export from Nigeria? The best countries to export commodities from Nigeria include those with a high demand for Nigerian products. For agricultural products like cassava, countries with large Nigerian diaspora communities, such as the USA, UK, and Canada, are ideal. For oil and petroleum products, Asian countries, the USA, and European nations are major importers.

Who are the exporters of Cassava? Exporters of cassava include individual farmers, agricultural cooperatives, and agribusiness companies in countries like Nigeria, Thailand, and Vietnam. In Nigeria, these exporters range from small-scale local farmers to large agro-industrial companies engaged in the international trade of cassava products.

Export Cassava Flakes The Right Way with

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