How to Export Ginger from Nigeria

Ginger, once considered an exotic spice by many around the world, has now become an indispensable ingredient in global cuisines. Nigeria is proudly standing as the third-largest ginger exporter globally, plays a pivotal role in this spice trade.

Boasting an impressive production of over 1.600,000 metric tons annually, ginger cultivation is a significant contributor to Nigeria’s agricultural sector. The heart of this production lies in Kaduna State, a region that has been at the forefront of ginger farming for decades. Other notable regions like Gombe, Benue, and Nassarawa States also contribute to this thriving industry.

As of early 2021, the local market priced wet ginger at around N20,000 to N35,000 per bag. This pricing structure presents an attractive investment opportunity, especially considering the affordability of powdered and dry ginger variants. The latter, known for its long shelf life, offers flexibility in storage and timing for market sales, ensuring that exporters can wait for optimal pricing conditions.

Nigeria’s ginger export primarily targets European and North American markets, with France, Great Britain, and Germany being key importers. This export business benefits from being a year-round operation, hitting its peak from November to March. Unlike the more mature oil industry, the Nigerian agricultural export sector is still burgeoning, offering ample opportunities for growth and investment.

For those willing to venture into this market, the rewards can be substantial, making the ginger business a lucrative and promising endeavor in Nigeria’s expanding agricultural landscape.

Price of Ginger in the International Market

One of the most intriguing aspects of the ginger trade is the dynamic nature of its pricing on the international market. Unlike many commodities that have relatively stable prices, ginger can exhibit significant fluctuations, making it a particularly interesting commodity for traders and investors.

The price of ginger globally ranges quite broadly, typically between $2,250 to $2,600 per metric ton. This variation isn’t just seasonal or demand-driven; it also hinges on several other factors. Key among these are the costs associated with packaging and logistics which can greatly influence the final selling price. Packaging in particular, plays a crucial role as it not only affects the cost but also the shelf life and quality of ginger upon arrival, factors that are highly valued in the international market.

Furthermore, the specific terms of contracts signed with clients can cause notable price differences. These contracts might include unique stipulations regarding quality, delivery schedules, or volume, all of which can impact the pricing structure. For exporters, navigating these contracts is essential to maximize profitability while maintaining strong relationships with clients.

Potential exporters need to understand that these price variations are a normal part of trading in the international ginger market. Staying informed about current market trends, understanding the cost implications of different packaging and logistics options, and skillfully negotiating contracts are key strategies for success in this volatile yet lucrative market.

How to Export Ginger from Nigeria

Research and Understand the Market

This involves identifying potential international markets that have a high demand for ginger. Factors such as consumer preferences, existing competition, and import regulations in these markets should be carefully analyzed.

This information can be gathered through market reports, trade fairs, and by connecting with trade experts. Understanding these aspects ensures that your business targets the most promising markets with tailored strategies.

Secure Necessary Permits and Documentation

The next step is to secure all necessary permits and documentation required for exporting ginger from Nigeria. This typically involves obtaining an export license from the Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC) and other relevant authorities.

Additionally, certifications such as a phytosanitary certificate, which confirms that ginger is free from pests and diseases, are crucial. This stage may require navigating bureaucratic processes and adhering to specific regulations, which are integral to legal and hassle-free exportation.

Source and Prepare the Ginger

Sourcing high-quality ginger is fundamental to the success of the export business. This involves establishing a network of reliable farmers or suppliers, preferably from the leading ginger-producing states like Kaduna, Gombe, Benue, and Nassarawa. Quality control measures should be put in place to ensure that the ginger meets both local and international quality standards.

Once sourced, the ginger must be properly prepared and packaged for export. Preparation might include cleaning, drying, and possibly grinding the ginger into powder, depending on the market demand.

Packaging should be done in a manner that preserves the quality and freshness of the ginger during transit. This step is crucial as it directly impacts the shelf life and marketability of the product in international markets.

Establish Logistics and Shipping Arrangements

Deciding on the most appropriate mode of transport is essential. This decision is influenced by factors such as the destination of the export, cost, and the nature of the ginger being shipped (fresh, dried, or powdered). Options include air freight for quick delivery or sea freight for larger, less time-sensitive shipments. The choice should balance cost-effectiveness with the need to maintain product quality.

Proper handling of the ginger throughout the shipping process is critical to preventing damage and preserving quality. Additionally, securing insurance for the shipment is advisable to protect against losses due to unforeseen circumstances during transit.

This step is about ensuring that the ginger reaches the buyer in the best possible condition, which is essential for maintaining business reputation and customer satisfaction.

Market and Sell Your Product

Developing and maintaining strong relationships with international buyers is key. This can be achieved through consistent communication, providing quality products, and reliable service. Attending international trade shows and leveraging online B2B marketplaces can be effective ways to connect with potential buyers.

It’s important to remain adaptable and responsive to the needs of the market. This might involve adjusting the product (e.g., offering different forms of ginger), changing packaging, or modifying pricing strategies based on market feedback and trends. Being flexible and customer-oriented helps in building a sustainable and profitable export business.

Ready to take your ginger export business to the next level? At, we’re here to provide you with personalized assistance and expert guidance to help you thrive in the ginger export industry.

Our commitment to your success goes beyond just articles and information. We offer periodic training sessions designed for both experienced exporters and those looking to embark on this exciting journey. These sessions cover every aspect of the export process, from cultivation to international trade, and highlight the abundant opportunities that await you in the global market.

Don’t miss out on the chance to gain invaluable insights and knowledge from industry experts. Join us at to unlock the full potential of your ginger export business. Together, let’s spice up your export success!

Challenges and Solutions in Ginger Export

Exporting ginger from Nigeria, while a lucrative venture, is not without its challenges. One of the most significant challenges faced by exporters is maintaining consistent quality that meets diverse and strict international standards. The quality of ginger, from its cultivation to processing, must adhere to the phytosanitary and safety regulations of the importing countries.

Additionally, exporters must navigate the volatility of international ginger prices and find ways to remain competitive against other major ginger-exporting countries. These challenges require careful planning and strategic management to ensure profitability and sustainability in the ginger export business.

Furthermore, logistical and shipping hurdles add another layer of complexity. Ensuring the ginger reaches its destination in good condition within a reasonable timeframe and at a reasonable cost is a constant concern.

Exporters must also go through international shipping regulations, including customs clearance and documentation, which can be daunting and time-consuming. These logistical challenges, if not properly managed, can lead to delays, increased costs, and ultimately, a loss of business.

To overcome these challenges, exporters need to adopt a series of strategic solutions. Implementing stringent quality control measures right from the sourcing stage is crucial. This could involve regular training for farmers and suppliers on best practices in ginger cultivation and handling, to ensure the ginger meets the required standards.

Additionally, obtaining international quality certifications such as ISO or HACCP can bolster credibility and demonstrate compliance with global standards. In terms of market fluctuations, diversifying the export market base can help mitigate the risks associated with price volatility.

Flexible pricing strategies, adjusted according to global market trends, can help maintain competitiveness. Exploring value-added ginger products, such as ginger oil or powder, can also open up opportunities for higher profit margins.

Logistical challenges require establishing partnerships with reliable logistics companies that specialize in agricultural exports. These companies can provide valuable expertise in handling the complexities of shipping perishable goods internationally.

Leveraging technology for efficient tracking and management of shipments can also play a crucial role in ensuring timely and cost-effective delivery. In addition, staying well-informed about international shipping regulations and investing time in proper documentation can help streamline the customs clearance process, reducing the likelihood of delays and additional costs.

Top Exporting & Importing Countries of Ginger

The journey of ginger from the farm to the final destination is a multi-staged process, often beginning in small villages where traders collect the produce directly from farmers.

Particularly in Asia, a unique distribution system has been established for trading dry ginger, involving a network of small retail outlets that efficiently channels ginger from rural producers to global markets.

Among the top exporting countries, India leads the pack with a staggering 1,788,000 metric tons of ginger, underscoring its massive production and pivotal role in the global ginger market. Nigeria follows as the second-largest exporter with 691,239 metric tons, showcasing its significant contribution and the growing importance of African ginger in international trade. China, with its long history of ginger cultivation, exports 581,137 metric tons, highlighting its continued influence in the market.

Nepal and Indonesia also feature prominently in this list with 297,512 metric tons and 174,380 metric tons, respectively, followed closely by Thailand at 166,923 metric tons. These figures not only reflect the agricultural capabilities of these countries but also their strategic positions in the global spice trade.

On the importing side, the United States stands as the largest importer of ginger, accounting for 12.2% of global imports. This is followed by the Netherlands, which acts as a major gateway for ginger entering the European market, with 11.57% of imports.

Pakistan and Japan are also significant players, importing 7.44% and 7.14% of the world’s ginger respectively, indicating their strong consumer demand. Bangladesh, Germany, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Saudi Arabia round off the list of top importers, each contributing to the diverse and globalized nature of the ginger trade.

This distribution of exporting and importing countries highlights the globalized nature of the ginger trade. Countries like India and Nigeria have harnessed their agricultural potential to become major exporters, while nations such as the United States and the Netherlands have positioned themselves as key entry points and distribution centers for ginger in their respective regions.

The presence of countries like Pakistan, Japan, and Bangladesh in the list of top importers reflects the cultural significance and culinary importance of ginger in these regions. Meanwhile, European nations like Germany and the UK, along with Middle Eastern countries like the UAE and Saudi Arabia, demonstrate the widespread appeal and utilization of ginger across various cuisines and medicinal practices.

The trade dynamics of ginger also point to broader economic and cultural exchanges, where agricultural products like ginger not only traverse borders but also carry with them cultural practices, flavors, and traditions, enriching the global culinary landscape. For exporters, understanding these market dynamics is crucial for tapping into the right markets and maximizing trade opportunities.


  1. Which countries buy ginger from Nigeria? Nigeria’s ginger, particularly renowned for its quality and flavor, is exported to several countries across the globe. The major importers include European countries like the United Kingdom, Germany, and France. Additionally, the United States and some Middle Eastern countries also import significant quantities of ginger from Nigeria. These markets value Nigerian ginger for both its culinary and medicinal properties.
  2. How do you package fresh ginger for export? Packaging fresh ginger for export requires careful consideration to maintain its freshness and quality. The ginger is typically washed, dried, and then packed in mesh bags or cartons. For longer shipments, the ginger may be refrigerated or shipped in containers with controlled atmospheres to extend its shelf life. Proper labeling and adherence to the importing country’s packaging regulations are also essential.
  3. Who is the supplier of ginger in Nigeria? Ginger in Nigeria is supplied by a network of local farmers and agricultural cooperatives, primarily located in states like Kaduna, Gombe, Benue, and Nassarawa. These suppliers often work with export companies or directly with international buyers to distribute their produce. Some Nigerian companies specialize in the processing and exporting of ginger, serving as key suppliers in the trade.
  4. What is the demand for ginger in Nigeria? The demand for ginger in Nigeria is robust, driven by its use in local cuisine, as a health remedy, and in various industries like food processing and pharmaceuticals. Despite being a major exporter, the domestic demand for ginger in Nigeria remains high due to its cultural significance and versatile applications.
  5. Does Nigeria export ginger? Yes, Nigeria is one of the major exporters of ginger in the world. The country’s ginger is known for its high quality and is in demand in various international markets. The export of ginger contributes significantly to Nigeria’s agricultural export revenues and plays a vital role in the nation’s economy.
  6. How much is a bag of fresh ginger in Nigeria? The price of a bag of fresh ginger in Nigeria can vary based on factors like quality, season, and market dynamics. As of recent times, the price has fluctuated within a certain range, but for the most current pricing, it is advisable to check with local market sources or agricultural trade boards for the latest information.
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